Kidney stone

Kidney stone


Facts about Kidney Stone

  • One in every 20 people develop kidney stones at some point in their life.
  • Dehydration is a major risk factor for kidney stone formation.
  • In the United States, 8.8 percent of the population, or one in 11 people, have had a kidney stone.
  • Each year in the United States, people make more than a million visits to health care providers and more than 300,000 people go to emergency rooms for kidney stone problems

Research scope in Kidney Stone

  • Nephrolithiasis carries a risk of recurrence over time, the exact risk and its predictors have been rarely quantitated…more
  • Urolithiasis has increased in both the developed and the developing countries during the past decades…more
  • Lower pole renal stones in children usually present incidentally and frequency and need for intervention are unknown…more
  • Kidney stone matrix protein composition is an important yet poorly understood aspect of nephrolithiasis…more
  • Management of kidney stone disease in pediatric population is still challenging condition in urology practice…more
  • While crystal adhesion and internalization have been extensively investigated, subsequent phenomena (i.e. crystal degradation and dissolution) remained poorly understood…more

Prevention of Kidney Stone

  • Increased water intake is associated with a reduced risk of kidney stones; increased consumption of tea and alcohol may reduce kidney stone risk… more…
  • Oxalobacter formigenes May Reduce the Risk of Calcium Oxalate Kidney Stones… more…
  • Large doses of vitamin B6 may reduce the risk of kidney stone formation in women… more…
  • A high intake of fluids, especially water, is still the most powerful and certainly the most economical means of prevention of nephrolithiasis… more…
  • Medical and dietary therapy for kidney stone prevention..more…
  • Strategies for preventing calcium oxalate stones… more…
  • Reduced soft drink intake lowers risk of kidney stones… more…
  • Soft water is preferable to hard water, since it is associated with a lower risk for recurrence of calcium stones… more…

Treatment for Kidney Stone

  • Medical management of renal stones… more…
  • Retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS) has become an important alternative for the treatment of kidney stones due to its increased safety and efficiency… more
  • Tamsulosin does not improve renal stone clearance… more…
  • EGCG may be useful for the prevention of new or recurrent stone formation… more…
  • Diagnosis and treatment of calcium kidney stones… more…

Risk factors for Kidney Stone

  • Vitamin D level in kidney stone patients was significantly higher than that in non-kidney stone controls, both in Europe and Asia populations…more
  • The “B” allele of the BsmI polymorphism of the VDR gene may increase stone development risk…more
  • Chronic kidney disease and nephrolithiasis are commonly found amongst patients with gout…more
  • Consumption of sugar-sweetened soda and punch is associated with a higher risk of stone formation, whereas consumption of coffee, tea, beer, wine, and orange juice is associated with a lower risk…more
  • Obesity and weight gain increase the risk of kidney stone formation…more

Systematic reviews

  • Treatment of ureteral and renal stones: a systematic review and meta-analysis….more
  • Comparative effectiveness and safety of various treatment procedures for lower pole renal calculi: a systematic review and network meta-analysis…more
  • Prevention of renal stone disease recurrence. A systematic review of contemporary pharmaceutical options…more
  • Therapeutic Approaches for Renal Colic in the Emergency Department: A Review Article…more

Treatment with Medicinal Herbs

Opium antidote (Combretum micranthum)Dose – Prescription only (f0r opiates).

Centaury, European centaury (Centaurium erythraea)Dose – 2-4 g herb as tea 3 xday; 1 g/cup tea; 1-2 g single dose; 3-6 g/day; 6 g/day; 2-4 ml (1:1 in 25% alcohol) 3 x/day; 1-2 g extract

Reference: Handbook of Medicinal Herbs (2006)


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