Facts about constipation

  • Less than 50% of people have one bowel movement a day.
  • 95% of adults have bowel movements between three and 21 times per week. The entire range — even just three bowel movements a week — is normal.
  • High levels of estrogen and progesterone during pregnancy may cause constipation.

Research scope in Constipation

  • Chronic constipation is associated with use of acetaminophen, aspirin and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs…more
  • Intake of fiber below the minimum recommendation is a risk factor for chronic constipation in children…more
  • Constipation is a common problem in Parkinson’s disease (PD), occurring in about 50–60% of patients and may occur even before the motor symptoms appear…more
  • Cow’s milk allergy can cause constipation…more
  • Estrogen Rather Than Progesterone Cause Constipation in mice…more

Treatment for constipation

  • Magnesium sulphate-rich mineral waters were shown to improve constipation in healthy infants....more
  • Adding the synbiotic Lactol® (containing Lactobacillus Sporogenes) to mineral oil can increase the improvement in the constipation symptoms of children.more
  • Rebamipide treatment for 12 weeks improved atypical GI symptoms in patients with T2DM....more
  • Clinical practice guidelines for pediatric constipation...more
  • Guidelines for the control of constipation in adult patients with cancer...more
  • Carbonated water decreases satiety and improves dyspepsia, constipation and gallbladder emptying...more

Prevention of constipation

  • Kiwifruit improves bowel function in patients with irritable bowel syndrome with constipation...more
  • Daily use of olive oil or flaxseed oil was as effective as mineral oil in the treatment of constipation...more
  • Acupuncture useful in the treatment of constipated children...more
  • Flaxseed useful for the treatment of bot constipation and diarrhoea...more
  • Dietary fiber intake can obviously increase stool frequency in patients with constipation...more

Secondary Complications

  • Consuming adequate amounts of water and healthy bowel motility could also reduce the risk of colorectal cancer (CRC)...more
  • Constipation or laxative use increases the risk of colon cancer...more
  • Severity of constipation is associated with a future diagnosis of Parkinson’s disease (PD) in a dose-dependent manner...more

Systematic reviews

  • Nonpharmacologic treatments for childhood constipation: systematic review...more
  • Effect of laxatives and pharmacological therapies in chronic idiopathic constipation...more
  • Efficacy of prebiotics, probiotics, and synbiotics in irritable bowel syndrome and chronic idiopathic constipation: systematic review and meta-analysis…more
  • Functional constipation in children: a systematic review on prognosis and predictive factors...more
  • A systematic review of treatments for constipation in children and young adults undergoing cancer treatment...more

Treatment with Medicinal Herbs

  • Carob (Ceratonia siliqua) – Dose – 15-20 g carob mixed in applesauce 
  • Mandrake (Mandragora officinarum) – Dose – 15-30 drops root tincure; homeopathic only these days 
  • Yellow Sweet clover (Melilotus officinalis) – Dose – Pour 150 boiling water over 1-2 tsp finely chopped herb strain, let cool, and drink 2-3 cups/day for phlebitis; 2 tsp (4.2 g) herb cold tea/day 

Reference: Handbook of Medicinal Herbs (2006)


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