Common cold

Common cold

Virus 1

Facts about Common cold

  • Most grown-ups have two to four colds a year; children can easily get six to 10.
  • More than 200 viruses are responsible for the cold. The most common are called human rhinoviruses (HRV), and are the little jerks that cause up to 40 percent of all colds.

Myths about Common cold

  • The study suggest that vitamin C supplementation does not reduce the incidence of colds in the general population.
  • Echinacea products have not here been shown to provide benefits for treating colds.
  • There is insufficient evidence to conclude that ginseng reduces the incidence or severity of common colds.
  • Evidence does not support the use of intranasal corticosteroids for symptomatic relief from the common cold.

Treatment for Common cold

  • Hot tasty drink is a beneficial treatment for relief of most symptoms of common cold and flu.
  • Zinc administered within 24 hours of onset of symptoms reduces the duration of common cold symptoms in healthy people.
  • Study found that people who took garlic every day for three months (instead of a placebo) had fewer colds
  • A combination of honey and coffee can be used as an alternative medicine in the treatment of Persistent post-infectious cough (PPC).

Prevention of Common cold

  • The study suggest that wine intake, especially red wine, may have a protective effect against common cold. Beer, spirits, and total alcohol intakes do not seem to affect the incidence of common cold.
  • Regular, moderate-intensity exercise may have an effect on the prevention of the common cold
  • Taking green tea catechins and theanine may be effective prophylaxis for influenza infection.

Risk factors for Common cold

  • Depressive symptoms are a risk factor for the common cold.
  • Poorer sleep efficiency and shorter sleep duration in the weeks are risk factor to cause coldness.
  • The study suggest that sharing office space increases the risk of the common cold.
  • Psychological stress is a risk factor for the common cold
  • Mold allergy is a risk factor for persistent cold-like symptoms in children.

Systematic reviews

  • Zinc for the treatment of the common cold: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials…more
  • Vitamin C for preventing and treating the common cold..more
  • Prevention and treatment of the common cold: making sense of the evidence..more
  • Echinacea for preventing and treating the common cold..more
  • Heated, humidified air for the common cold…more



  • Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2013 Jan 31: Vitamin C for preventing and treating the common cold
  • Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2014 Feb 20;(2): Echinacea for preventing and treating the common cold
  • Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects (DARE): Quality-assessed Reviews
  • Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2015 Oct 13 


  • Am J Epidemiol. 2002 May 1;155(9):853-8
  • Korean J Fam Med. 2014 May;35(3):119-26
  • BMC Complement Altern Med. 2011; 11: 15

Risk factors

  • Arch Intern Med. 2009 Jan 12;169(1):62-7
  • Eur J Epidemiol. 1995 Apr;11(2):213-6
  • Epidemiology. 2001 May;12(3):345-9
  • Clin Pediatr (Phila). 1997 Dec;36(12):695-9


  • Rhinology. 2008 Dec;46(4):271-5
  • Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2013 Jun 18;(6)
  • Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews: Plain Language Summaries.This version published: 2015
  • Prim Care Respir J. 2013 Sep;22(3):325-30

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