Digital eye

Facts about Cataract

  • According to the World Health Organisation, 51% of worldwide blindness is caused by cataracts
  • Cataracts affect nearly 22 million Americans age 40 and older. By age 80, more than half of all Americans will have cataracts, according to the National Eye Institute

Research scope in Cataract

  • Lens regeneration using endogenous stem cells....more
  • Lanosterol is a key molecule in the prevention of lens protein aggregation and points to a novel strategy for cataract prevention and treatment.more
  • ‘Sci fi’ eye experiments improve vision in children-and rabbits....more
  • Surgery to replace the lens is only treatment, but the procedure carries risks and is not accessible to all patients...more
  • A new way of monitoring protein-protein interactions in cataract...more
  • Topical NAC shows potential for the treatment and prevention of cataracts....more
  • Femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery (FLACS) is a novel technique might be beneficial for patients with dense cataract and/or low preoperative endothelial cell values...more

Treatment for Cataract

  • Comparison of various techniques for cataract surgery, their efficacy, safety, and cost….more
  • Comparison of cataract surgery techniques: safety, efficacy, and cost-effectiveness.more
  • Analgesic and anti-inflammatory effectiveness of nepafenac 0.1% for cataract surgery....more
  • The concept of day care cataract surgery is equally safe and more cost effective than inpatient cataract surgery...more
  • Benefits and Harms of Femtosecond Laser Assisted Cataract Surgery: A Systematic Review...more
  • The clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of second-eye cataract surgery...more

Prevention of Cataract

  • Smoking cessation seems to decrease the risk of cataract extraction with time...more
  • Inverse association is found between high dietary LZ intake and prevalence of nuclear cataract...more
  • Dietary intake of vitamins C, E and selenium were marginally associated with decreased risk of cataract...more
  • Dietary vitamin E intake, dietary and supplemental vitamin E intake, and high level of serum tocopherol might be significantly associated with reduced age-related cataract (ARC) risk...more
  • Administration of pyruvate prevents cataract formation...more
  • Higher quercetin intake may be an important dietary factor in the reduction of the risk of ARC...more

Risk factors for Cataract

  • A strong link between sun exposure and nuclear cataract. Risk was highest among those with high sun exposure at younger ages...more
  • The risk for cataract is increased among statin users as compared with nonusers...more
  • Hypertension increases the risk of cataract…more
  • This study suggests that there is a tendency to have higher Na + levels in age-related cataracts (ARC) as compared to non-ARC subjects...more
  • T2D patients had a higher risk of cataracts...more
  • Smoking was associated with increased risk of ARC...more
  • Vegetarians were at lower risk of cataract than were meat eaters...more

Systematic reviews

  • Effectiveness of cataract surgery in reducing driving-related difficulties: a systematic review and meta-analysis...more
  • Myopia and age-related cataract: a systematic review and meta-analysis...more
  • Antibiotic prevention of postcataract endophthalmitis: a systematic review and meta-analysis…more
  • Toric Intraocular Lenses in the Correction of Astigmatism During Cataract Surgery: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis...more
  • Safety of continuing warfarin therapy during cataract surgery: a systematic review and meta-analysis...more

Treatment with Medicinal Herbs

  • Ginger (Zingiber officinale)Dose 3-10 g fresh ginger, or 2-4 dry ginger, 1-3x/day; 0.3-1.5 g rhizome several x/day; 500-1000 mg fresh root 3x/day; 2-4 tbsp fresh root
  • Pulsatilla, Pasqueflower – 0.12 -0.3 g herb, or in tea, 3 x /day; 0.1-0.4 g powdered herb; 0.12-0.3 ml liquid herb extract; 0.12-0.3 ml liquid herbal extract (1:1Dose 3 -6 g herb; 1 tsp herb/cup water; 1-3 ml extract (1:1 in 25% ethanol) 3x/day; 2-4 in 25% ethanol) 3 x/day; 0.3-1.0 ml herb tincture (1:10 in 40% ethanol) 3 x/day; 0.3-2 ml herb tincture
  • Poison Ivy (Toxicodendron pubescens) – Largest single dose 50 mg; largest daily dose 150 mg; standard single dose 30 mg 

Reference: Handbook of Medicinal Herbs (2006)


HN1In UK, pay four times the cost of a cataract operation to skip queue, elderly are told

Hospitals are allowing patients to jump the queue for vital cataract operations – if they pay up to four times the standard rate, an investigation has found. They are increasingly encouraging the elderly and others affected to pay for the procedure out of their own pocket as it is being rationed by the National Health Service. Some charge £3,500 for an operation on one eye when it normally costs the hospital £800, sparking fears that vulnerable patients are being ripped-off. More at:

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