- Cervical spondylosis is a common, age-related condition that affects the joints and discs in your neck. It develops from wear and tear of the cartilage and bones found in your cervical spine, which is in your neck.
Epidemiology and burden of Cervical Spondilysis
- Neck pain is the fourth leading cause of disability, with an annual prevalence rate exceeding 30%. Most episodes of acute neck pain will resolve with or without treatment, but nearly 50% of individuals will continue to experience some degree of pain or frequent occurrences. (Mayo Clin Proc.2015 Feb;90(2):284-99)
- The overall prevalence of neck pain in the general population ranges between 0.4% and 86.8% (mean: 23.1%); point prevalence ranges from 0.4% to 41.5% (mean: 14.4%); and 1 year prevalence ranges from 4.8% to 79.5% (mean: 25.8%). (Best Pract Res Clin Rheumatol.2010 Dec;24(6):783-92)
- The study proved that there is no significant difference in the incidence of surgical complications between LAMP and LAMT. (Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research20138:45)
- Anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) has more advantages compared to anterior cervical corpectomy and fusion (ACCF) in the treatment of CSM. (BMJ Open2014;4:e004581)
- Cervical spondylosis may be one of the causes of secondary hypertension. Early treatment for resolution of symptoms of cervical spondylosis may have a beneficial impact on cardiovascular disease risk in patients with cervical spondylosis. (Medicine (Baltimore).2015 Mar;94(10):e618)
- Surgical CSM patients have a higher risk of perioperative complications if they have a greater number of comorbidities, coexisting diabetes mellitus, OPLL, and a longer operative duration. (2016 Jul;79(1):33-44)
- A larger vertebral body (sagittal diameter), smaller spinal canal (transverse and sagittal diameters), and a smaller Torg/Pavlov (T/P) ratio are associated with an increased risk of CSM. In 2009 Pavlov defined a T/P ratio, the ratio of the sagittal diameter of the spinal canal to the anteroposterior diameter of the vertebral body, of 0.82 as indicative of congenital stenosis. (Evid Based Spine Care J. 2012 Aug; 3(3): 35–42)
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